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Architecture: Brunelleschi Dome

Filippo Brunelleschi was a famous architect/engineer during the Italian Renaissance. He was most creditable for his design of the worlds first large scale concrete dome standing at 125 feet tall and wide. The dome is still around today and is part of the Basilica of Saint Mary of the Flower (Florence Cathedral). Brunelleschi won the spot of constructing and completing the last part of the Cathedral, by competing in a sponsored competition by the Arte della Lana (wool merchants guild), in just one year, started by Arnolfo di Cambio in 1296. Brunelleschi’s Dome is considered “Renaissance’s Main Building Enterprise,” by (a sightneing guide for Florence).

This concrete Dome is not only large, but it is also magnificent. Being the only one of its kind at the time, the reddish-brown roof stands out over the city of Florence with its huge lantern on top standing at 375 feet. Once thought impossible by the Greeks and Romans, Brunelleschi’s dome stands tall. Brunelleschi’s dome resembled his personality – thinking nothing was impossible, building the first self supporting concrete dome, and his fearlessness to try something never thought possible. Capturing the Renaissance’s spirit, the Florence Cathedral’s Dome shows how powerful Italy thought they were at the time, making something that was thought impossible and at such an incredible size. Also the dome was a new round idea about architecture and was not like the straight gothic architecture built during the Middle Ages. Brunelleschi’s Dome was a magnificent construction, but also an amazing piece of art, making it a very important piece to the Renaissance, but also to history.


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